How to write a research proposal

Proposal for ” law and order situation of Bangladesh”.

Introduction:

Laws are made for the welfare of the people. So that, people can live independently in the society and feel secured. It will happen if rule of law can be ensured in the society or country. The rule of law is a one of the important feature of the constitution of Bangladesh. But at present we see a different condition against this rule of law. Especially, the ruling party is abusing this power for their own shake.

The rise of incidents of extortion, smuggling, political violence, torture and other problems faced by minority groups, extra-judicial killings and terrorism and use of illegal firearms has also increased and other sorts of crimes, mark deterioration in the law and order situation in the country recently which has worried and disturbed the people greatly.

But no indication of any improvement in the situation is visible yet. Today people feel unsecured and they can hardly belief and depend on police force as they can’t do their work according to the law. They need to satisfy their political leader. For this reason law and order situation of Bangladesh has become a contested issue. And it is so bad nowadays that you cannot ensure that you can get home safe and sound.

Rational of the Study:

 One of the important duties of government is to maintain law and order. In a democratic state, every government has some duties to their people as they elect him to look after them. To maintain peace and security is one of the salient duties of a government. Every State has various law enforcement agencies for that end. Bangladesh is not exception in this regard and thereby she has also some agencies such as Army, Police, RAB and so forth.

Police along with other law enforcing agencies abusing their power and violate laws. Nobody to stop them and day by day it is increasing. Many others do not know clearly and legally about this situation and what to do against this situation. So at this time to give clear view and to get consciousness about the situation, I think this study will helpful for us. And if you get conscious it will be easy for us to raise voice against to get rid of the bad situation.

Objectives of the study:

The purpose of every research is to discover answers to the questions through the application of scientific procedures. [[1]] In every research has some particular objectives. Every research goes through with these objectives. Researcher does every work in research in accordance with the objectives of research. The main aim of a research to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered yet. As each research study has its own specific purpose, so I have some objectives. Here I am disclosing the objectives of our research in below-

To identify the present law and order situation in Bangladesh.

  1. Evaluating the role of police force and other law enforcing agencies to protect and control the law and order situation.
  2. To measure the influence of politician over the law enforcing agencies.
  3. To identify availability of act and constitutional provisions to protect law and order by law enforcing agencies.
  4. To identify the role of opposition political parties and civil societies to maintain the law and order.
  5. To evaluate the capacity and ability of police force other law enforcing agencies to maintain the law and order.
  6. To give some recommendations by analysing collected data and information.

Research Questions:

 A research question is the methodological point of departure of scholarly research in both the natural and social sciences. The research will answer any question posed. [[2]] The research question is one of the important methodological steps the investigator has to take when undertaking research. There are some research questions regarding the objectives of this study. So that I can easily collect information relating to my research and fulfill the objectives given above. Research questions are:

1.      What is the present situation of law and order in Bangladesh?

2.      Can law enforcing agencies work according to the existing laws or affect by others?

Research Methodology:

 We know that science is a systematic study of the structure and behavior of physical and natural world. But social science deals with human behavior and the structure and process of human society. Method is the process of doing any work systematically. Research methodology means process of research work by which research objectives can be acquired. To make any research successful it is necessary to apply proper methodology for it.

It is not possible to get desired result from research without suitable methodology. Research methodology depends on the subject matters of research. Social research is scientific research methodology, by using some specific method we can collect data effectively from research field. There are various types of research methods.  Some of the methods of research are given below:

Historical method, Philosophical method, Anthropological method, Survey method, Comparative method, Functional method, Experimental method, Case study method, Content analysis method, Statistical method, Focus group discussion(FGD), Observation method etc.

In this research case study will be used. Case study is a comprehensive study of a social   unit a person, a group, a social institution, a district, or a community. [[3]] It also explores the life of a social unit. [[4]]  Law and order situation of Bangladesh is well known to all and it is has a huge application in the present society. So case study will be most helpful for collecting data and information regarding the law and order.

Data and data collection techniques:

            Data is the main component of any research. A datum is what is observed, is manifest or phonotypical. It is the product of the process of recording response. [[5]] The task data collection begins after a research problem has been defined and research method chalked out.

While deciding method of research to be used for the study the researcher should keep in mind two types of data-

– Primary data

– Secondary data

Wilkson and Bhandarkar said primary data as “People” and secondary data as “Paper”. [[6]]

I will use secondary sources of data in my research. This research will be qualitative and secondary data will be collected from various sources like newspapers, magazines, websites, other research, books, and journals and so on.

[1]           Kothari, C.R., Research Methods-Methods and Techniques, 1989, New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Limited, 4835/24 Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi 110 006.

[2]          Retrieved from  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research_question accessed on June 6, 2013

[3]         Young. P. V., Scientific Social Survey and Research. 1998.  P. 249.

[4]         Quoited from Raj. Hans., Theory and practice in social Research. 1999. P. 249

[5]         Gultung. J., Theory and Methods of Social Research. 1967, London, p-27

[6]        Wilkinson and Bhandarkar, Methodology and Techniques of Social Rsearch. 1997. P- 162

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