Department of Public Administration Syllabus for BSS (Honours) Session 2008-2009

Department of Public Administration

University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205


BSS Honours Course in Public Administration

BSS Honours Course shall extend over a period of four academic years beginning from 2009. Each course will carry 80 marks written except courses PA-106 and PA-207. The course PA-106 and PA-207 will carry 40 marks each written and 10 will be for internal assessment. PA-204 will carry 50 marks written and 50 marks practical. The courses carrying 80 marks will earmark 20 marks for internal evaluation. However, courses PA-302 & PA-404 will have a term paper for 20 marks instead of internal assessment. In case of internal assessment, there should be at least two examinations for each course.

The Year-wise Distribution of Marks

Honours Part I Examination Marks
i.    Honours Courses (Written)ii.   Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10) 60050
Total 650
Honours Part II Examination Marks
i.    Honours Courses (Written)ii.   Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10) 70050
Total 750
Honours Part III Examination Marks
i.    Honours Courses (Written)ii.   Field-Work Research

iii.  Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)



Total 800
Honours Part IV Examination Marks
i.    Honours Courses (Written)ii.   Field-Work Research

iii.  Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)



Total 800
Grand Total : WrittenTerm Paper/ Assignment/ Field-Work  Research

Viva Voce and Attendance



Grand Total : Written+ Viva Voce and Attendance +Term Paper/ Assignment/  Field-Work

Research/ Organization Study Report




Department of Public Administration

University of Rajshahi

Syllabus of B.S.S. (Hounours)

Session: 2008-2009

1st Year: 2008-2009                                                          Exam Part-1:      2009

P.A-101:   Introduction to Public Administration

P.A-102:   English Reading and Writing Skills

P.A-103:   Ideas and Issues in Political Science

P.A-104:   Fundamental of Economics

P.A-105:   Fundamental of Sociology

P.A-106:   Public Administration in Bangladesh

Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)

2nd Year: 2009-2010                                                        Exam Part-2:      2010

P.A-201:   Comparative Public Administration

P.A-202:   Human Resource Administration

P.A-203:   Administration of Rural Development in Bangladesh

P.A-204:   Application of Computer in Public Administration

P.A-205:   Financial Administration

P.A-206:   Politics and Government in Bangladesh

P.A-207:   Local Government in Bangladesh

Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)

3rd Year: 2010-2011                                                         Exam Part-3:      2011

P.A-301:   Introduction to Social Science Research

P.A-302:   Issues and Problems in Governance

P.A-303:   Urban Management

P.A-304:   New Public Management: Concepts and strategies

P.A-305:   Environmental Management

P.A-306:   NGO’s and International Agencies of Development

P.A-307:   Principles of Accounting and Bank Management

Field-Work Research (50)

Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)

4th Year: 2011-2012                                                         Exam Part-4:      2012

P.A-401:   Gender and Development

P.A-402:   Political Economy

P.A-403:   Project Management

P.A-404:   Public Sector Management in Bangladesh

P.A-405:   Business Policy and Administration in Bangladesh

P.A-406:   Advanced Research Methodology

P.A-407:   Management Information System (75+25)

Field-Work Research (50)

Viva Voce and Attendance (40+10)

Course No. PA – 101: Introduction to Public Administration

  1. Public Administration: Definition, Significance, Nature, Scope.
  2. Public and Private administration
  3. Public Administration and Other Disciplines of Social Science.
  4. Paradigms of Public Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Management
  5. Classical Theory – Scientific, Administrative and Bureaucratic Management
  6. New- Classical Theory- Human Relation, Industrial Humanism
  7. Modern Theory – System theory and Contingency Theory
  8. Principles of Public Administration: Authority, Span of Control, Coordination, Centralization and Decentralization, Line and Staff, Board and Corporations
  9. Decision Making-Herbert Simon
  10. Leadership- Democratic-Autocratic-Laissez-faire, Trait Theory, Situational Theory, Behavioural Theory, Managerial Grid.
  11. Motivation- Definition, Hierarchy of Needs Theory, Two-Factor theory, Theory X and Theory Y.
  12. Communication- Definition, Importance, Types, Network.
  13. Ethics, Administrative Discretion and Ethics and Administration.

14. Pioneers of Public Administration:

Mary Parker Follet

Chester I. Barnard

Chris Argyris


Recommended Books:

C.I. Barnard Functions of Executive
D S P Pugh (ed.) Writers on Organization
D. Waldo Ideas and Issues in Public Administration
D.R. Prashad (ed.) Administrative Thinkers
Gerth and Mills From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology
Gordon Public Administration in America
Gorson and Harris Public Administration in Modern Society
Gouldner Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy
Griffith Management
H. Simon, Smith Burg and Thomson Public Administration
Henery Nicholas Public Administration and Public Affairs
Hersey and Blanchard Management of Organizational Behaviour
Hicks Management of Organizations
Hicks and Gullett Organizations: Theory and behaviour
J.M. Pfiffner and Frank P. Sherwood Administrative Organization
John M Pfiffiner and Robert Presthus Public Administration
Keith Davis Human Relations at Work
L D White Introduction to the Study of Public Administration
Leavit Managerial Psychology
Luthans Organizational Behaviour
M P Sharma Public Administration in Theory and Practice
M.Crozer Bureaucratic Phenomenon
Marini (ed.) Towards a New Public Administration
Mc Gregor Human Side of Enterprise
Mooney and Reiley Principles of Organization
Morstiem Marx Elements of Public Administration
Mx Kinney Howard Public Administration: Balancing Power and Accountability
Nigro and Nigro Modern Public Administration
P. Robbins Administrative Process
Peter M Blau Dynamics of Bureaurcracy
Pfiffner and Presthus Public Administration
Robert Merton Reader in Bureaucracy
Scott and Mitchell Organization Theory: A Structural and Behavioural Analysis
Sharkansky Public Administration: Policy Making in Government Agencies
Stillman Public Administration: Concept and Cases
W.Fesler Public Administration: Theory and Practice
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Course No. PA-102: English Reading and Writing Skills

1.     Reading

In this part of the course the students will be taught how to improve reading ability by widening vocabulary by concentrating on sentence forms and other essential points of grammar by learning to recognize paragraph and essay patterns, learning to interpret and evaluate ideas in the text. Development of a Public Administration/ Social Science Centred Vocabulary.

2.     Writing

This Part of the Course will teach how to improve writing ability by learning the essential matters of- Basic grammar- The paragraph development- The mechanics of writing : punctuation and spelling- special kinds of writing: letters and research papers.

Recommended Books:

A S Hornby The Oxford Learner’s Dictionary of Current English
Bernet and StubbsJahurul Islam Practical Guide to WritingA Key to Structure Analysis: A Handbook of Paragraph Writing
Martinet and Thomson A Practical English Grammar
R A Close A Reference Grammar for Students of English
Sadruddin Ahmed Learning English : The Easy Way
Winer and Bazerman English Skills Handbook

Course No. PA-103:  Ideas and Issues in Political Science

  1. Political Science: Definition, Nature and Scope, Relationship with other sciences.
  2. State: Definition, Elements, Theories of state origin (Views of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau), Evolution theory, Theories of state nature (Organic and Marxian Theories).
  3. Sovereignty: Definitions of Sovereignty; Characteristics, Types, Austin’s Theory of Sovereignty and its Criticism; Pluralism.
  4. Liberty and Equality: Importance and Meaning of Liberty; Different kinds of Liberty; Relation between Liberty and Equality Safeguards of Liberty.
  5. Constitution: Definition, Types of Constitution, Requisites, Characteristics of a good constitution, Methods of Establishment, Supremacy of the Constitution. Methods of amendment.
  6. Forms of Government: Democracy and Dictatorship, Cabinet and Presidential form of  Government, Unitary and Federal Government, Constitutional Government.
  7. Separation of power: Concept, Necessity, Theory of Separation of power, Criticism, Practical effects of the theory in USA, UK and Bangladesh.
  8. Organs of the Government: Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.
  9. Political Parties: Importance of Political parties in a democracy; Definition of a Political party; Bases for the formation of Political parties; Functions of Political parties, condition for the successful working of the political parties.
  10. Public Opinion: Importance of Public Opinion, Hindrances to the creation of Sound Public Opinion., Agencies for the Formation and Expression of Public Opinion.
  11. Electorate: Definition, Function, Minority representation.

Recommended Books:

A.C. Lapur, Principles of Poliotical Science.
A.M.A. Muhith Bangladesh: Emergence of a Nation
Abul Fazal Haque Constitution and Politics in Bangladesh: Change and Reliability
Abul Fazal Haque Bangladesh Shason Babostha ow Raznity
C.F. Strong, Modern Political Constitution.
Emajuddin Ahmed Bangladesh Politics
G.W. Chodhury Constitutional Development in Pakistan
GOB Constitution of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
H. Finer, Theory and Practices of Modern Government.
H.J. Lasky, Grammar of Politics
J.S. Mill On Liberty.
J.W. Garner, Political Science and Government.
K.B. Sayeed The Last Days of United Pakistan
K.C. Where, Federal Government.
Mareas Franda Bangladesh: The First Decade
Moudud Ahmed Shekh Mujib Era
R.G. Gettel, Political Science.
Rounaq Jahan Pakistan: A Failure in National Integration
Rounaq Jahan Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues
Shamsur Rahman Adhunik Rashtrobiggan
T. Maniruzzaman The Politics of Development: The Case of Pakistan
T. Maniruzzaman Bangladesh Revolution and its Aftermath
V.D.Mahajon, Political Theory.
Zillur R. Khan Martial Law to Martial Low

Course No. PA-104: Fundamentals of Economics

  1. Conceptual Issues: Definitions, Nature, Scope and Subject Matters of Economics. Classical, Neo-classical and Modern Views of Economics. Importance of Economics Studies. Relation between Economics and other Social Sciences. Major Economic Problems and their Solutions.
  2. Demand and Supply: Meaning and Types of Demand, Laws of Demand, Demand Schedule and Curve. Why Demand Curve Slop Downward? Determinants of Demand for a Commodity. Changes in Demand. Indifference Curve Analysis of Demand. Elasticity of Demand.

Meaning and types of supply, laws of supply, supply schedule and curve. Exceptions to the laws of supply. Determinants of supply for a commodity. Changes in supply. Elasticity of supply.

  1. Utility Analysis: Basic assumptions of Marginal Utility Analysis. Laws of Diminishing Marginal Utility and Limitations of the Laws. Practical Importance of the Laws of Diminishing Marginal Utility. Law of Equi-marginal utility, Practical Importance of the Law and its Limitations. Water-Diamond Paradox of Utility.
  2. Production: Meaning of Production, Factors of Production and Scale of Production. Production Possibility Curve and Production Function. Laws of Returns, Population Theories, Cost and Cost Curve.
  3. Market and Market Structure: Meaning, Characteristics, Types, Size and Functions of Market. Forms of Market, Market Structure. Price Output Under-Perfect Monopoly, Oligopoly and Duopoly Market.
  4. Wages: Meaning, Types, and Determinant of Wages. Theories of Wages, Trade Union, Low Wages of Women, Wage Under Full Employment.
  5. Theories of Money: Conceptual issues of Money, Types and Functions of Money. Monetary Standards, Theories of Money and Prices. Inflation, Its Causes, Effects and Control.
  6. National Income: Meaning and Concepts of National Income. GNP, GDP, NNP. Importance of National Income Analysis, Methods and Techniques of National Income Measurement. Problems of National Income Measurement. National Income Measurement in Bangladesh.
  7. Economic System: Capitalisms, Socialisms and Mixed Economics. Features, merits and demerits of the above Economic systems.
  8. Economic Development: Meanings, features and values of development. Development vs Economic Development. Stages of Economic Development. Determinants of Economic Development/ Economic growth. Capital formation, Harrod-Domar Growth models, Relation between Population growth and Economic growth. Financing of Economic Development. Role of Government in Economic Development.

Recommended Books:

Baumol W J Welfare Economics and the theory of the State
Crowther G An Outline of Money
H L Ahuja Advance Economic Theory
H N Agarwala Introduction to Economic Principles
H S Agarwal Principles of Economics
H S Stiglitz Economics
Handler L.C Economics of Money and Banking
Hansen A H Monetary Theory and Fiscal Policy
K K Dewett Modern Economic theory
Keynes J M Scope and Method of Political Economy
Keynes, J M The General theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
Kuznets, Simon Modern economic Growth
M P Todaro Economics in the Third World Country…
Marshall A Principles of economics
McConnel & Brue Economics
Nurul Islam Development Planning
Paul a Samuelson Economics
Paul A Samuelson & W D Nordhans Economics
Rechard G lipsey An Introduction to positive Economics
Robbins L Nature and significance of Economics
Roy H N Role of Monetary policy in Economic Development
Stone G & Stone R National Income and Expenditure
Stonier & Hague A Text Book of Economic Theory
Syed Fakrul Hassan Introduction to Welfare Economics

Course No. PA-105: Fundamentals of Sociology

  1. Introductory Sociology: Definition: Scope. Nature: Relation With Other Social Science Disciplines, History of Sociological Thought.
  2. Races of Mankind: Definition and Classification of Races: Physical Attributes of Major Races; Race and Culture; Race and Human Right; Racial Features of Bangladesh People; (Majority and Minority relationship) pattern of Acceptance and Pattern of Rejection.
  3. Kinship and Descent: Definition and Types of Kinship, Descent System, Types/Rules of Descent, Lineage, Phratry, Moiety, Tribe, Kinship Terminological System.
  4. Basic Concepts of Sociology: Social Structure (Group Institution Status Role) Society Community Associations.
  5. Major Social Institutions: Family; Property; State.
  6. Culture and Civilization: Concepts; Components, Cultural Lag Theory, Civilisation, Forms of Cultural Changes in Bangladesh.
  7. Social Stratification: Slavery, Class, Caste, State, Social Mobility, Social Stratification in Bangladesh.
  8. Social Change: Concepts, Theories of social change; Agencies of social change; Pattern of social change in Bangladesh.
  9. Socialization: Concepts, Stages of Socialization, Agents of Socialization, Theories of Self Development.
  10. Deviance And Social Control: Meaning, Various views about deviance, Theories of deviance, deviance and social control.
  11. Economic and political system of primitive society: a) Main features of primitive economy-hunting and gathering economy; horticulture, slash and burn method; life and economy of pastorals. b) Emergence of agriculture role of women folk; Development of complex urban culture.

Recommended Books:

A. Rose Power Structure
A.K.N.Karim Changing Society in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
Bangladesh Sociological Association Sociology and Development Bangladesh Perspective (1990)
F.R. Khan Principles of Sociology
Ginsberg Sociology
H. Hyman Political Socialization and Political Development
J. Ross Eshleman                      Barbara G. Cashion                Laurence A. Basirico Sociology (An Introduction) (1988) Printed in the United states of America. (3rd edition)
Malvin M. Tumin Social Stratification
Michael S. Bassis                      Richard J. Gelles                           Ann Levine Sociology (An Introduction) (1980)                                                Random House New York
Neil J. Smelser Sociology (1993)Published by Prentice Hall of India Private Limited (4th edition)
R.M Maciver Sociology
Shankar Rao Sociology
Sociology Association Society of Bangladesh: Problems and Prospects
T.B.Bottomore Sociology
Wilbert E. Moore Social Change
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Course No. PA-106: Public Administration in Bangladesh

  1. The Structure and Organization of Public Administration in Pre-British India
  2. The Structure and Organization of Public Administration in British India
  3. The State of Public Administration in United Pakistan.
  4. Constitutional Framework of Bangladesh Public Administration.
  5. Central Administration in Bangladesh: Secretariat- Ministries, Division, Department, Autonomous And Semi-Autonomous Agencies: Structure And Relationship.
  6. Field Administration in Bangladesh: Structure of all units of Field Administration with special importance to District Administration structure, functions, control and coordination.
  7. Administrative control in Bangladesh: Nature of Administrative powers and various controlling Mechanisms.
  8. Public Personnel Administration in Bangladesh: Recruitment, Selection, Placement, Training and Promotion; The Role of central Personnel Agencies: The Ministry of Establishment, The Public Service Commission,
  9. The Structure of Services in Bangladesh Public Administration.
  10. Administrative Reforms in Bangladesh: Meaning and Importance- Differences between reform and change, Strategies and approaches of administrative reform- Experience of Different Regimes: Awami League Regime: 1972-75; Military Rule and BNP Rule: 1977-1980; Military Rule and Ershad Regime: 1981-1990;  Second Phase of BNP Rule: 1991-1996; Second Phase of Awami League Regime: 1996-2001; Third Phase of BNP Rule: 2001-Till Date;  Major Reforms, i.e., ASRC, CARR etc.
  11. Bureaucratic Culture and Bureaucratic Accountability in Bangladesh.

Recommended Books:

A.M.M. Shawkat Ali, (2004) Bangladesh Civil Service: A Political- Administrative Perspective, Dhaka, University Press Limited.
A.M.M. Shawkat Ali, 1993 Aspects of Public Administration in Bangladesh, Dhaka, Nikhil Prakashan.
A.M.M. Shawkat Ali, 2002 The Lore of the Mandarins: Towards a non-partisam public service in Bangladesh, Dhaka, University Press Ltd.
A.T.M. Obaidulla, 1999 Bangladesh Public Administration, Dhaka, Academic Press and Publishers Limited.
Ali Ahmed, 1981 Basic Principles and Practices of Administrative organization: Bangladesh Dhaka, National Institute of Local Government.
Ishtiaque Hossain Quereshi, The Administration of Dehli Sultanete Moughol Administration.
M. Mahbubur Rahman Morshed, 1997 Bureaucratic Response to Administrative Decentralization, Dhaka, University Press Ltd.
M. Shamsur Rahman, 1991 Administrative Elite in Bangladesh, New Delhi, Manak Publication Pvt. Ltd.
M.A. Choudhuri Civil Service in Pakistan,
M.M. Khan Politics of Administrative Reforms in Bangladesh.
M.M. Khan, 1980 Bureaucratic Self-Preservation: Failure of Major Administrative Reform in civil Service of Pakistan, Dhaka, University of Dhaka.
M.M. Khan, 1998 Administrative Reforms in Bangladesh, Dhaka, University Press Ltd.
Syed Giasuddin Ahmed, 1986 Public Personnel Administration in Bangladesh, Dhaka University Press.
Syed Giasuddin Ahmed, 1990 Bangladesh Public Service Commission, Dhaka, University of Dhaka.

Course No. PA-201: Comparative Public Administration

1.     Introductory Discussion: Definition of Comparative Public Administration, Evolution Development of Comparative Public Administration, Contemporary Comparative Public Administration, Importance of Comparative Public Administration

2.     Theories of Comparative Public Administration: Trends of Comparative Public Administration, Models of Comparative Public Administration, Approaches to the study of Comparative Public Administration

3.     United States of America: Administrative structure of USA (The State, Judicial Authority, Legislative Authority & Executive Authority), Major civil service reforms in USA, Pendleton Act & Civil Service Reform Act-1978, Senior Executive Service, Public personnel management (Recruitment & Training), Law making procedure of USA, Policy making procedure of USA, Regulatory administration

4.     Great Britain: Administrative structure of Britain (Legislative Authority & Executive Authority), Major civil service reforms in Britain, Northcort Travelyan Report, Fulton Committee Report & Whitleyism, Public personnel management in Britain (Recritment & Training), Law making procedure of Britain

5.     Japan: Administrative structure of Japan, Public Personnel Management (Recruitment & Training), Major civil service reforms in Japan, Law making procedure of Japan.

6.     France: Administrative structure of France, Public Personnel Management (Recruitment & Training), Law making procedure of France

7.     Comparative Analysis with Special Reference to South Asia: Comparative analysis of civil service reform in South Asian countries (India, Pakistan & Nepal), Comparative analysis of civil services of the world (USA, Britain, Japan & France)

Recommended Books:

Abe, Shindo and Kawato The Government and Politics of Japan.
B.C. Koh Japan’s Administrative Elite.
David Resenbloon Public Administration-UnderstandingManagement, Polities and Law in the Public Sector.
E.N. Gladden Civil Service and Bureaucracy
F.W. Riggs Administration in Developing Countries.
Ferrel Heady Public Administration: A Comparative Perspective.
Gregory French Civil Service.
Heady (eds.) Papers in Comparative Public Administration.
Hency Massey Public Sector Management in UK & USA 1997
J.A. Cross British Public Administration
John Burn Management in Central and Local Government.
John Greenwood and David  Wilson Public Administration in Britain Today
K. Janda J.M. Berry and J Goldman The Challenge of Democracy.
Kaufman Politics and Politics in State and Local Government
Martin Public Administration and Democracy.
Riper History of United States Civil Services
Romesh K. Arora Comparative Public administration-An Ecological Perspective
S.E. Finer A. Primer of Public Administration
S.P. Varma Comparative Public Administration
S.R. Mahesvwari Major Civil Service Systems in the World.
Sifin (ed.) Towards the Study of Comparative Public Administration.
Sriram Maheshwari The Civil Service in Great Britain.
Waldo W. Comparative Public Administration
Warrwn English Local Government

Course No. PA-202: Human Resources Administration

  1. Human Resources Administration: Meaning, Scope, Importance and Functions, Purposes, Historical Development of Human Resources Administration or Personnel Administration, Various Theoretical Issues Relating to Human Resources Administration.
  2. Human Resource Planning: Planning: Meaning, Factors affecting human resource planning with special reference to Bangladesh, Human resource planning process, Prerequisites of human resource planning, Importance, Barriers of effective human resource planning, Human resource planning in Bangladesh.
  3. Recruitment:  Meaning, Importance, Purposes, Factors governing recruitment with special reference to Bangladesh, Recruitment process in general and recruitment process in Bangladesh.
  4. Selection: Concept, Selection process in general and in Bangladesh, Interview-concept, purposes, Types, Problems in interview with example from Bangladesh perspective.
  5. Training: Meaning, Importance, Methods with Special Reference to Bangladesh, Training Need Assessment, Evaluation of Training Efforts.
  6. Performance Appraisal: Meaning, Objectives, Methods, Which methods are suitable for Bangladesh, MBO as a modern Method of Performance Appraisal, Factor affecting Performance Appraisal.
  7. Job Analysis: Concept, Process of job analysis, Job Description, Job Specification.
  8. Employee Remuneration: Meaning, Factors governing Employee Remuneration, Theories of Remuneration, Devising Remuneration Plan, Components of Remuneration, Job Evaluation.
  9. Trade Union: Concept, Evolution Trade Union, Typologies, Weakness of Trade Unionism in Bangladesh.
  10. Collective Bargaining: Meaning, Importance, Prerequisite of Collective Bargaining, Process of Collective Bargaining, Barriers to Collective Bargaining in Bangladesh.
  11. Motivation: Concept, Importance, Theories (Early & Contemporary Theories), Job Satisfaction and Productivity, Approaches towards Controlling Public Personnel Administration, Recent Trends and Development.
  12. Industrial Conflict: Types and Causes of Conflict, Resolving Conflict and Settlement of Industrial Disputes, Role of ILO and WTO in Industrial Relations and Management.
  13. Labour-Management Co-operation: Importance, Impediments and Ways of Building Sound Labour-Management Co-operation.
    1. Disciplinary Procedure in Industry: Acts of Misconduct Policy, Charge Procedure and Judicial Approach to Discipline Bangladesh.


Recommended Books:

Albert Rees Economics and Work and Pay
Arun Manappa and Mirja S Saiyadain (1980) Personnel Management, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Com. Ltd.
Arun Monappa Industrial Relations
B. Flejisher Labour Economics: Theory and Evidence
David A. DeCenzo and Stephen P. Reobbins (1993) Personnel/Human Resource Management, New Delhi, Prentice-Hall of India Private Ltd.
Dr. M.V Pylee and A Simon George Industrial Relations and Personnel Management
Edwin B. Flippo. (1984), Personnel Management, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company
F. Ray Marshall, Allan G. Labour Economics: Wage and Trade Unionism
J.H. Richardson An Introduction to the Study of Industrial Relations
J.T. Dnnlog Industrial Relations System
Jack Rabin Handbook of Public Sector Labor Relations
Joseph Thister Readings in Labour Economics and Industrial Relations
K Aswathappa (1999) Human Resource and personnel Management, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Com. Ltd.
Kings Vernon. M. Brigs. Jr. Unionism
Michael S. Jucius (1979) Personnel Management.
R. S Davar Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
R.S. Dwivedi (1990) Personnel Management, New Delhi, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
Richard Hyman Industrial Relations
Sloyed G. Reynold Labour Economics and Industrial Relations
Wayne F. Cascio, (1992) Managing Human Resources, New York, McGraw-Hall, Inc.
William F. Glueck (1982) Personnel, Texas, Business Publications, INC.

Course No. PA-203:  Administration of Rural Development in Bangladesh

  1. Introduction: Theories, Concepts, Goals, Objectives, Area, Problems and Models of Rural Development.
  2. Salient Features of Rural Bangladesh: Demographic Characteristics of Rural Bangladesh. Rural Non-Farm Activities; Land and Land Ownership Pattern.
  3. Comparative Study of Rural Development Models: Korea and China.
  4. Introduction: Theories, Concepts, Goals, Objectives, Area, problems and Models of Rural Development.
  5. Rural Economy of Bangladesh: Demographic Characteristics of Rural Bangladesh, Structure of Rural Economy, Land and Land Ownership Pattern, Growth of Institutional Arrangements of Rural Development During Pakistan Period.
  6. Institutional Arrangements and programmers & strategies of Rural Development: V-Aid; Rural Works Programme: Genesis, Review, Politics and Administration; Comilla Approach of Rural Development. BRDB and Its Programmes; Various Works Programmes: SFDP; Adarsha Gram; Other Programmes.
  7. Comparative Study of Rural Development Models: Korea and China.
  8. Rural Poverty in Bangladesh: Nature, Causes, Trends in Rural Poverty. Policies and Programmes for Rural Poverty Alleviation. PRSP: Principal Features and Strategies.
  9. Development of Rural Women in Bangladesh: Status of Women in Rural Society, Women’s Contribution to Rural Economy, Some Programmes for Women Development- Income Generation, Empowerment, Emancipation etc., Problems of Rural Women Development.
  10. People’s Participation in Rural Development: Nature, Scope, Models and Problems.

Recommended Books:

Aditee Nag Chowdhury Let Grassroots Speak: People’s Participation Self-help Groups and NGOs in Bangladesh, UPL, 1996
Aminur Rahman Politics of Rural Local Self-Government in Bangladesh.
Asaduzzaman and WestergaardTofail Ahmed Guidelines for Integrated Rural DevelopmentDevelopment Strategies in Socio-demographic Impact of Non-Government Organizations
Asian Development Bank : An Assessment of the Role and Impact of NGOs in Bangladesh
Asian Development Bank : Cooperation with NGOs in Agriculture and Rural Development- Bangladesh, Manila, ADB, 1989
Choudhuri Rural Government in East Pakistan.
Chowdhury                                    BARD                                          BARD Rural Development in China
G. Shabbir Cheema and Dennis A Rondinelli Decentralization and Development.
H.F. Alderfer Local Government in Developing Countries.
Harry W. Blair Can Rural Development be Financed from Below?
Hasnat Abdul Hye Poverty: Below the Line
Hasnat Abdul Hye Integrated Rural Development
Hasnat Abdul Hye Local Level Planning in Bangladesh.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Government in South Asia.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Government in Bangladesh.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Governance in Bangladesh : Reading Issues and Major Challenges.
Khaleda Salahuddin and Israt Shamim Rural Women in Poverty
M. Nurul Haq Recollection of Some Rural Development Programmes
M.Abdul Aziz The Union Parishad in Bangladesh: an Analysis of Problems and Directions of Reform.
M.M. Khan & Syed Anwar Hossain (edited)  CIRDAP Ruhul Amin A Training Handbook on Participatory Rural DevelopmentBangladesh Studies: Politics Administration, Rural Development and Foreign Policy
Masudul Hasan Text Book of Basic Democracy and Local Government in Pakistan.
Md. Abdul Quddus Rural Development in Bangladesh
Nazmul Abedin Local Administration and Politics in Modernizing Societies: Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Rasheda K. Grassroots: NGOs for a Better Bangladesh
Ray and Chark Growth and Development in Rural BangladeshDecentralization and Peoples Participation in Bangladesh

Technology Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Rehman Sobhan Basic Democracy at the Grass Roots.
Robson Development of Local Government
Shafiqur Raghman Planning and Development of Upazilas in Bangladesh.
Shqfiqul Haque Politics and Administration in Bangladesh.
Sk. Maksood Ali Decentralization and Peoples Participation in Bangladesh.
Syed Rowshan Qudir Women Representation at the Union Level as Change Agent of Development.
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  1. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 27. No. 1, January-June, 1998.
  2. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 17. No. 2, July-December, 1988.
  3. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 25. No. 2, July-December, 1996.
  4. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 11. No. 2, July-December, 1982.

Course No. PA- 204: Application of Computer in Public Administration

Part-A: Theoretical Aspects of Computer (50 Marks)

1.   Introductory Discussion: Definition & Characteristics of computer, History of Computer, Evolution of Personal Computer, Uses of Computer, Hardware, Software and Fire ware, Classification of Computer, Organization of Digital Computer.

2.   System Unit and Memory: Definition and Structure of CPU, Micro-processor, Register, Addressing Mode, Definition and Classification of Memory (Primary and Secondary), Bit, Byte & Computer Word, Structure and Function of Hard Disk, Floppy Disk, Optical Disk, Magnetic Tape Memory.

3.   Input/ Output Devices: Definition of Input/ Output Devices, Different Input Devices, Keyboard, Mouse. Scanner, Optical Mark Reader (OMR), Optical Character Reader (OCR), Magnetic Ink Character Reader, (MICR), Light Pen, Graphics Tablet, Digital Camera, Oral Input Devices, Different Output Devices, Monitor, Terminal, Printer, Plotter, VTR Camera, Bus Organization in PC, Input/ Output Connection, Interface, Input/ Output Card.

4.   Software: Definition and Classification of Software, System Software, Application Software, Computer Language, Structure of Operating System, Functions/ Responsibilities of Operating System, Classification of Operating System, Modern Operating System of Micro-Computer, Picture based and Letter based Operating System, Computer Virus: Definition, Characteristics of Affected Computer and How to clean Computer Virus, Name of Some Virus and anti-virus.

5.   Information Communication Technology: Definition of Information Communication Technology (ICT), Characteristics of Communication Technology, Computer Communication system, Data Communication, Definition and Uses of Modem, Communication Ways in Computer Network, Classification of Compute Network, Networking Application, Communication Protocol, E Governance, Internet and Intranet.


Part-B: Practical (50 Marks)

  1. Important Features of Desktop Utilities
  2. File & Folder Management (Scan Disk, Disk Defragment, Disk Clean UP)
  3. Details of MS Word-2003
  4. Important Features of MS Excel & Access-2003
  5. Computer Assembling & Trouble Shooting
  6. Some Important Applications of Windows Operating System (XP)

Recommended Books:

A.M. Mannan Sarker Computer Anatomy
Jafar Iqbal, M K Islam and M Alamgir Introduction to Computer Science
James B. Pick Computer Systems in Business
Khateeb M. Hussain and Donna  S. Hussain Computers : Technology, Applications and Social Implications
Lechner H.D. The Computer Chronics
O’Brien Computers and Information Technology
S. French Computer Science
Satish Jain Introduction to Computer Science
Warford Computer Science

Course No. PA-205: Financial Administration

  1. Financial Administration: Importance, Functions, Scope and Limitations.
  2. Fiscal Policy: Government Expenditure; Government Revenue; Details of Taxonomy (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  3. Main Aspects of Financial Administration: Budgeting; Revenue and Development Budget; Politics of Budgeting; Fiscal and Monetary Policy and their Role in Bangladesh Economy (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  4. Public Borrowing: Domestic and Foreign Source Borrowing (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  5. Foreign Direct Investment: Concepts, Causes and Consequences (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  6. Foreign Aid: Causes, Trends and Aid Dependence (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  7. Role of Bangladesh Parliament over Financial administration.
  8. Major Financial Institutions (National): Tax Ombudsmen; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh Bank, NEC; ECNEC; CAG.
  9. Major Financial Institutions (International): World Bank; International Monetary Fund; Asian Development Bank; UNDP; OECD; IDB.

Recommended Books:

Abdul Hye Local Level Planning in Bangladesh
Alamgir Mohiuddin Development Strategy of Bangladesh
Anderson Financing Modern Government
AR Khan Economy of Bangladesh
Arthur Lewis Development Planning
Bartlett Economic Foundation of Political Power
Bhatia Public Finance
Bye and Hewett Applied Economics
Charles Beard Economic Basis of Politics
Dalton Principles of Public Finance
Faaland and Parkinson Bangladesh: A Test Case of Development
Faber and Seer (ed.) Crisis in Planning
Finer Theory and Practice of Modern Government
Govt. of Bangladesh Constitution of Bangladesh
H.L Bhatia                                 Musgrave, R.A Burnell  Public FinanceThe Theory of Public Finance

Foreign Aid in a Changing World: Issues in Third World Politics Task Forces on Bangladesh Development Strategies for the 1990’s Report on Developing the Infrastructure (vol.3) University Press Limited, Dhaka

Hicks Development Finance Planning and Control
Hossain System of Government Budgeting in Bangladesh
K. K. Dewett Modern Economic Theory
Khan and Aziz Money and Banking in Everyday Life
M  P Todaro Economic Development in the Third World
M. L. Jhingan The Economics of Development Planning
Maciver Modern State
Makenzie Modern Political Economy
Nurul Islam Development Planning in Bangladesh
Paul Samuelson Economics
Pramanik Development Through Urban Based Public Expenditure
S U Patwari Financial Administration in Bangladesh
Sayers Modern Banking
Soltan Economic Functions of the State
Taylor Economics of Public Finance
Thavaraj Financial Management of Government
Thirlwall Growth and Development
Tripathy Public Finance in Underdeveloped Countries
VASC System of National Accounts in Bangladesh

Course No. PA-206: Politics and Government in Bangladesh

1.     Background of the Pre-British Period: Beginning of responsible government in British India under the government of India Act. 1919, Federal System and Provincial Autonomy under the government of India Act. 1919.

  1. Pakistan Movement: Lahore resolution, Round Table Conference 1940, Cabinet mission plan,1946, Indian independence Act,1947.
  2. Politics of Constitution Making in Pakistan, 1956.
  3. Emergence of Bangladesh: Bangladeshi Nationalism, Language movement-1952, United Front and 21 Point Movement, Six point programme, Mass movement 1969, The general election 1970, Non-cooperation Movement and war of Independence 1971.

6.     Constitution making in Bangladesh:  Salient features of the Bangladesh, Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Rights, Constitutional Amendment.

7.     Second Revolution and the End of Parliamentary System

8.     Political Development in Bangladesh Under Different regimes Sheikh Mujib Regime and its performance, Military Intervention in 1975. Civilization of Military Regime During Zia and Ershad Regimes, Mass Upsurge of 1990.

9.     Carte Taker Government : Genesis, Evolution and Crisis.



Recommended Books:

A.C. Kapoor Constitutional History of India
A.M.A. Muhith Bangladesh: Emergence of a Nation
Abul Fazal Haque Constitution and Politics in Bangladesh: Change and Reliability
Abul Fazal Haque Bangladesh Shason Babostha o Raznity
Emajuddin Ahmed Bangladesh Politics
G.W. Chodhury Constitutional Development in Pakistan
GOB Constitution of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
K.B. Sayeed Pakistan and its Formative Phase
K.B. Sayeed The Last Days of United Pakistan
M.A.Chowdhury Government and Politics in Pakistan
Mareas Franda Bangladesh: The First Decade
Moudud Ahmed Shekh Mujib Era
Rounaq Jahan Pakistan: A Failure in National Integration
Rounaq Jahan Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues
T. Maniruzzaman The Politics of Development: The Case of Pakistan
T. Maniruzzaman Bangladesh Revolution and its Aftermath
V.D. Malayaa Constitutional History of India
Zillur R. Khan Martial Law to Martial Low

Course No. PA-207:  Local Government in Bangladesh

  1. Introduction Local Government: Definition, Local Self Government, Difference between LG and LSG, principles and characteristics of local government: jurisdictions and functions; patterns, strengths, weaknesses and problems of local government; central control; local finance.
  2. Concepts and theories: Various theories regarding Local Govt.
  3. History of Local government: History and background, evolution of local government in British India; various acts chowkidary-panchayet act 1870, 1882, 1885 etc.: report on the decentralization committee 1907-1909: Morley-Minto reforms:  Montageu-Chelmsford reforms: living report 1913-1914: development of local government in Bengal; village local government act 1919. Local Govt. Under Basic Democracies order of Ayub Khan (1947-71).
  4. Local government in Bangladesh: Evolution, structure, functions and compositions: personnel system in local government in Bangladesh: local government election process.
  5. Local Government Reforms and women’s representation in local politics.
  6. Local Government finance in Bangladesh: Pattern of local government finance from British India to Bangladesh: Major income source of different local bodies – Pourashava. Zila parishad, thana / upazila parishad, union parishad , The System of Accounts and Audit in the Local Bodies; Problems of Local Government Financing in Bangladesh, Center Local Relationship in Bangladesh.
  7. Comparative Local Government Structure: UK. India. Pakistan.
  8. Local Level Planning: Nature, Process, Peoples Participation and Problems of Local Level Planning, Major Issues and Problems of Local Government in Bangladesh.

Recommended Books:

Aditee Nag Chowdhury Let Grassroots Speak: People’s Participation Self-help Groups and NGOs in Bangladesh, UPL, 1996
Aminur Rahman Politics of Rural Local Self-Government in Bangladesh.
Asaduzzaman and WestergaardTofail Ahmed Guidelines for Integrated Rural DevelopmentDevelopment Strategies in Socio-demographic Impact of Non-Government Organizations
Asian Development Bank : An Assessment of the Role and Impact of NGOs in Bangladesh
Asian Development Bank : Cooperation with NGOs in Agriculture and Rural Development- Bangladesh, Manila, ADB, 1989
Choudhuri Rural Government in East Pakistan.
Chowdhury                                    BARD                                          BARD Rural Development in China
G. Shabbir Cheema and Dennis A Rondinelli Decentralization and Development.
H.F. Alderfer Local Government in Developing Countries.
Harry W. Blair Can Rural Development be Financed from Below?
Hasnat Abdul Hye Poverty: Below the Line
Hasnat Abdul Hye Integrated Rural Development
Hasnat Abdul Hye Local Level Planning in Bangladesh.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Government in South Asia.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Government in Bangladesh.
Kamal Siddiqui Local Governance in Bangladesh : Reading Issues and Major Challenges.
Khaleda Salahuddin and Israt Shamim Rural Women in Poverty
M. Nurul Haq Recollection of Some Rural Development Programmes
M.Abdul Aziz The Union Parishad in Bangladesh: an Analysis of Problems and Directions of Reform.
M.M. Khan & Syed Anwar Hossain (edited)  CIRDAP Ruhul Amin A Training Handbook on Participatory Rural DevelopmentBangladesh Studies: Politics Administration, Rural Development and Foreign Policy
Masudul Hasan Text Book of Basic Democracy and Local Government in Pakistan.
Md. Abdul Quddus Rural Development in Bangladesh
Nazmul Abedin Local Administration and Politics in Modernizing Societies: Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Rasheda K. Grassroots: NGOs for a Better Bangladesh
Ray and Chark Growth and Development in Rural BangladeshDecentralization and Peoples Participation in Bangladesh

Technology Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Rehman Sobhan Basic Democracy at the Grass Roots.
Robson Development of Local Government
Shafiqur Raghman Planning and Development of Upazilas in Bangladesh.
Shqfiqul Haque Politics and Administration in Bangladesh.
Sk. Maksood Ali Decentralization and Peoples Participation in Bangladesh.
Syed Rowshan Qudir Women Representation at the Union Level as Change Agent of Development.
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  1. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 27. No. 1, January-June, 1998.
  2. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 17. No. 2, July-December, 1988.
  3. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 25. No. 2, July-December, 1996.
  4. National Institute of Local Government: The Journal of Local Govt. Vol. 11. No. 2, July-December, 1982.


Course No. PA-301: Introduction to Social Science Research

Phase One: Choosing the Problem and Stating the Hypothesis

  1. The Philosophy of Social Science: Ontology, Methodology, Epistemology, Determinism; Holism, Individualism, Positivism; Explanation and Understanding; The Role of a Theory.
  2. Criteria of Good Research, Qualities and Ethics of Research, Area of Research in Public Administration
    1. Selection of Problem: Definition and Components of Research Problems, Consideration of Selection of Research Problem, Factors Affecting Selection of Research Problem, Identification of Problem and Formulation of Statement of Problem, Technique of Thinking and Organizing Logic/ Rational.
    2. Formulating Research Objectives and Hypothesis: Formulating Research Objectives, Determination of Scope and Objectives of Study, Definition and Types of Hypothesis, Principles of Formulation of Hypothesis.
    3. Conceptualization, Operationalization and Measurement: Conceptual and Theoretical Framework, Research Variables: Identification, Types, Operationalization, Measurement Levels and Scaling Techniques. Validity and Reliability.
  3. Different Methods of Research: Case Study, Survey etc, Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Participatory Research Approach; Various Types of Research Design, Developing a Research Plan.
  4. Research Problem: Concept of Research Problem, Characteristics of Research problem.

3.       Elementary Aspects of Research Methodology: Definition and Process of Research, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Social Research, Research in Public Administration.

Phase Two: Research Methods

Phase Three: Data Collection

9.       Sampling: Basic concepts, Steps in Sampling, Various Sampling Methods, Sample Size.

10. Techniques of Data Collection: Data Sources: Primary and Secondary, Some Useful Secondary Data Sources for Public Administration Researchers, Literature Review, Various Techniques of Data Collection, Comparative Analysis of Data Collection Techniques, Selecting the Appropriate Technique, Developing a Research Questionnaire, Complete Format of a Questionnaire.

Phase Four: Processing and Analyzing the Data

11.  Data Processing and Presentation: Coding, Categorization and Grouping of Data, Data Presentation: Table and Graph Presentations.

12.  Data Analysis: Descriptive and Inferential Statistics, Measures of Central Tendency, Ideal Features of Central Tendency, Calculation of Mean, Median and Mode, Measures of Dispersion, Absolute and Relative Types of Dispersion, Calculation of Mean and Standard Deviation, Correlation and Regression Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, T-Test and Chi- Square Test.

13. Application of Computer in Data Analysis: Using MS Excel and SPSS for      Presenting and Analysis Data.

Phase Five: Report Writing of Research

14. Style and Format of Report Writing: Full Guidelines of Report Writing,  Formulating a Research Proposal and Research Report.

Recommended Books:

Abu Jafar Mohammad Sufian, (1998) Methods and Techniques of Social Research, Dhaka, The University Press Limited.
B.N. Ghosh (1992) Scientific Method and Social Research, New Delhi, Sterling Publishers Private Limited
Bernard S. Phillips (1976) Social Research: Strategy and Tactics. New York. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.
C.R. Kothari. (1990) Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, New Delhi, Wiley Eastern Limited.
Isabel S. Patchett (1982) Statistical Methods for Managers and Administrators, New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold CompanyGeorge Simpson and Fritz Katka Basic Statistics

Guzraty Introduction to Statistics

Kenneth D. Bailey, (1982) Methods of Social Research, New York, The Free Press.
Robert K. Yin (1994) Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications
Salauddin M. Aminuzzaman (1991) Introduction to Social Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh Publishers.
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Course No. PA- 302: Issues and Problems in Governance

  1. Governance: Meaning and Significance; Basic Issues and Contemporary Public Discourses. Good or Poor Governance and the Implications Thereof.
  2. Aspects of Good Governance: Institutional Capacity Building; Transparency and Accountability; Adaptability; Judicial Independence and Rule of Law, Political Leadership and Administrative Compliance and Effectiveness.
  3. Governance and Democratization: Democratic Governance; Role of Major Institutions-Executive; Legislature, Judiciary, Bureaucracy, Civil Society, Political Parties, Private Sector Actors.
  4. Governance and Electoral process: Quality of National and Local Elections; Representation of Interest of Disadvantaged Groups; Separate Electorate- Joint Electorate-Party Finance-Party Registration-Code of Conduct-Voting Behavior-Propaganda Techniques-Political Language-Political Communication Strategy-Electoral Corruption-Electioneering and Advocacy-Role of Election Commission-Electoral Reforms.
  5. Problems of Religious, Linguistic and Other Social Cleavages, Cultural Autonomy ad National Integration in Multi National Countries.
  6. Local Politics and Governance: Role of Informal Structure, Dispute Resolution Process and Customer Access.
  7. Governance and the International Development Community; Globalization and Multiple Modernity’s.
  8. Case Studies on Governance in Bangladesh: The Land Revenue Sector; the Primary Education Sector; Public Health Sector; the Rural Infrastructure Sector; and the Private Investment Sector.

Recommended Books:

Alamgir Mohiuddin Khan Development Strategy for Bangladesh 1988
By Martin Minogue The Principles and Practices of Good, Institute for Development Policy & Management, University of Manchester British Council-1997.
Hasnat Abdul Hye “Good Governance”, Concept paper for International Seminar (1998);
Hasnat Abdul Hye (etd) Governance: South Asian Perspectives
Kamal Siddiqui Towards Good Governance in Bangladesh: Fifty Unpleasant Essays;
Oxford University Press, 1995 Commission on Global Governance, “Our Global Neighbourhood”,
Published from UPL, Dhaka Crisis in Governance: A Review of Bangladesh’s Development 1947;
Rehman Sobhan (ed). Towards A Theory of Governance and Development: Learning from East Asia;
World Bank Governance and Development
Towards an Understanding of Governance: The Governance of an Idea and …………………..

Course No. PA-303: Urban Management

  1. The Growth and Development of Urban Governance in Bangladesh: Concept of Urbanization, Urban Centre, Origin, Trend, Level, Feature, Causes, Problems, Role.
  2. Urbanization in Bangladesh: Challenges, Trends, Patterns, Urbanization and Development, Urbanization and Migration.
  3. Rural Urban Migration: Causes, Nature, Features, Trend, Migration Process, Socio-Economic Effects.
  4. Urban Administration and Organization in Bangladesh: Constitutional and Legal Framework, the Forms of Urban Government, Composition, Functions and Problems.
  5. Urban Resource Mobilization Process and Organization: Fiscal Organization and Budgetary Control, Patterns of Revenue, Patterns of Expenditure, Accounting, Auditing and Reporting, Urban Public Utility Services, Involved Organizations and Their Functions.
  6. Urban Planning Process and Theories: Fundamental Aspects of Planning as General Human Endeavor, The Role of Urban Planning with the General Theory and Process of Planning, Urban Planning in Bangladesh.
  7. Urban Policy Implementation: Selected Studies on Policy Implementation in Different City Corporations.
  8. Land Issues in Urban Planning: Features, Residential Land Use, Urban Land Management, Economic Dimensions of Urban Land, Land for the Urban Poor, Feature of Urban Land situation, Urban Land Information System (ULIS); Importance, Design, Structure, Problem and Prospects.
  9. Urban Poverty: Who are Urban Poor, Types of Urban Poor, Causes, Demographic and Social Structure of the Urban Poor, Magnitude and Profile of Urban Poor Population in Bangladesh, Credit Delivery for the Poor, Government Organizations Concerned with Urban Poor, Urban Health Services and Remedies, Globalization and Urban Poor.
  10. Urban Environment: Urban Environment Issues and Developing Sectors for Sustainable Development, Causes of Urban Environment Problem, Impact on Social Life, Link to Urban Environment and Urban Poverty.
  11. Mega City Governance: Dhaka, Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai & Karachi.

Recommended Books:

A.I. Chowdhury Financing of Cities in Developing Countries
Alauddin Ahmed and                              Md. Kamrul Hasan Migration and Rural Labour Market Situation.
Catanese, J. Anthonyand and Synder   C. Jans Introduction to Urban Planning, New York: Mc-Grew Hill (1979)
Cherry and Gordon Urban Planning Problems, London: Leonard Hill  (1974)
Kamal Siddiqui (ed.) Local Government in Bangladesh
M. Aminul Islam Environment Land Use & Natural Hazards in Bangladesh
Ministry of Land Urban Land Management in Bangladesh
N. Islam Recent Urban Studies, Bangladesh
N. Islam Human Settlements & Urban Development in Bangladesh
N. Islam Dhaka from City to Mega City
N. Islam & A.I. Chowdhury (ed.) Urban Land Management in Bangladesh
N. Islam (ed.) Addressing the Urban Poverty Agenda in Bangladesh
N. Islam (ed.) Urban Research in Bangladesh
N. Islam (ed.) The Urban Poor in Bangladesh
N. Islam and M.M. Khan Urban Governance in Bangladesh and Pakistan
N. Islam and Rosie Majid (ed.) Urban Bangladesh, Geographical Studies.
Nawshad Ahmed Pourashava Finance in Bangladesh
Nazrul islam and Rosie Mojid Ahsan Urban Bangladesh.
Quamrul Islam Chowdhury                      Nazrul Islam (edited) Bangladesh State of Environment Report, 2001Essays on Urbanization, Urban Planning and Development.
Rahman Haider                                      Richard Stren (ed.) UNDP Environment & Development & BangladeshUrban Research in the Developing World Vol. I

The Urban Environment in Developing


Saqui, Q. Md. Afsar Hossain  “Urban Administrative Structure and Urban Management Problem in Bangladesh. Vol. 21, No. 2, Dhaka: National Institute of Local Government (1992).
GOB (1977) Pourashava Ordinance 1977, Bangladesh Government Press, Dhaka.


Course No. PA-304: New Public Management: Concepts and Strategies

  1. New Public management: Concept, Scope and Significance, The Five Rs of the New Public Management- Restructuring, Reengineering, Reinventing, Realigning, and Rethinking, New Public Management as Paradigm-Metaphysical Sociological and Artefact.
  2. The Study of Public Management, The Traditional Model of Public Management, Basic Approaches in the Context of the 21st Century, Practical Relevance of Public Sector Management- Redistribution; the efficiency-Equity Trade-off, Welfare States Vs Welfare Societies, Public Administration Vs. Managerialism.
  3. Strategic Management: Strategy in the Public Sector, Strategy in the Private Sector, Strategic Planning Models, Techniques of New Public Management-Privatization and Deregulation, Contracting Out, Decentralization, Merit Pay, Partnerships, Management By Results, Customer Orientation and Satisfaction.
  4. Total Quality Management: Concept of Total Quality Management, Features of Japanese Quality Management, Benefits of Total Quality Management, Essential Requirements for Planning and Implementing Total Quality Management.
  5. Public Sector Reform: Problematical Nature of Public Sector, Management Reform; Choice, Competition, Consumers and markets, Standards Quality, Stakeholders and Motivation, Transparency and Accountability.
  6. Contractualism in the Public Sector: The Basic Approach to Long Term and Short Term Contracting, Contracting and the CEOs, The Relevance and Contractualism in Public Governance.
  7. Future of Public Sector Management: Values and the Future, Public Sector Management Ethics, Buyers and Sellers in New Public Sector Markets.

Recommended Books:

Charles Polidano The New Public Management in Developing Countries, Public Policy and Management Working Paper No. 13 November 1999. IDPM, University of Manchester.
Christopher Hood “A Public Management for all Seasons”, Public Administration, London, Vol. 69, No 1 (Spring) 1991
Christopher Pollitt “Justification of by works or by faith: Evaluating the New Public Management” in Evaluation (2) October, 1995
Christopher Pollitt Managerialism and Public Service (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993).Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Public Administration Reform Commission, Public Administration for 21st century: Report of the Public Administration Reform Commission, 3 Volumes, 2000.
Dr. Julio C. Teehankee New Public Management: Lean State, Lean Government”, Paper Presented in a Seminar held in Germany in 2003.
Owen E. Hughes Public Management and Administration, St. Martin’s Press

Course No. PA-305: Environmental Management

  1. Environment and Development:  Meaning, Components, Importance of Environment.
  2. Sustainable Development: Evolution of Environmentalism, Emergence, Meaning and Features of Sustainable Development.
  3. Ecology: Meaning, Types, Components.
  4. Environmental Issues in Bangladesh: Environmental issues that are facing Bangladesh and their solutions.
  5. Environmental Initiatives in Bangladesh: Policies, Plans and programmes of Government on Environment.
  6. Institutional Make-Up: Governmental Institutions on Environment.
  7. Environment and NGOs: Structure, Functions and Role of Different Environmental NGOs.
  8. International and Regional Environmental Organization: Role of Different International and Regional Environmental Organizations (UN, World Bank, SAARC, SACEP, ASEAN etc.)
  9. Environmental Conferences: Stockholm Conference 1972, Rio Conference 1992 and Johannesburg Conference 2002.
  10. Environmental Impact Assessment.

Recommended Books:

Ainun Nishat and Mahfuz Ullah Bangladesh Environment Outlook 2001.
Atiq Rahman (ed.) Environment and Poverty.
Atiq Rahman and M. Ashraf Ali Peoples Report on Bangladesh Environment.
Atiq Rahman and Saleemul Haq (ed.) Environment and Development in Bangladesh. Vol. I & II.
Bangladesh Government National Environmental Management Action Plan. Vol. I,II, III, IV & V.
Department of Environment Environment Policy in Bangladesh.
Golam Monwar Kamal Environmental Bibliography of Bangladesh.
Mahfuz Ullah Environment Politics in Bangladesh
Mohammad Jashim Uddin Towards Rural Development and Environmental Conservation in Bangladesh.
Philip Gain Bangladesh Environment: Facing the 21st Century
Quamrul Islam Chowdhury Bangladesh State of EnvironmentReport 2000.
Quamrul Islam Chowdhury (ed.) Bangladesh State of EnvironmentRaport 1999.
Syed Abdus Sattar Introduction to Environmental Laws of Bangladesh.

Course No. PA- 306:     NGOs and International Agencies for Development.

  1. Introduction: Development and Development Administration, NGOs as partner of development.
  2. Conceptual discussion on NGOs: Definitions, Basic features, Types, Growth and development of NGOs in national and international perspective, Theories of NGOs, History of NGOs, Different Argument about NGOs, Evolution of NGOs and Factors for the development of NGOs.
  3. Functions of NGOs: Different Functions of NGOs, Role of NGOs, Advantages and Disadvantages of NGOs functioning, Strengths and Weakness and Problems of NGOs, NGOs as Third sector and Challenges of NGOs.
  4. Approaches of NGOs: Different Approaches of NGOs towards development; Relief and Rehabilitation Approach, Community Development Approach, Target Group and Participatory Approach.
  5. Techniques: Participatory Rural Appraisal, Participatory Poverty Assessment and Rapid Urban/ Rural Appraisal.
  6. GO-NGO Collaboration: Meaning and Rationale for Go-NGO Collaboration, Area of Collaboration, Prospects and Problems of Collaboration, Strategies for effective Collaboration, Experiences of Collaboration in Bangladesh, and Different models of Collaboration in the developing countries.
  7. Civil Society: Meaning and Typology, Different approaches of Civil Society Organizations, Importance and functions of Civil Society, Civil Society Organizations, NGOs and Civil Society
  8. Legal Basis of NGOs in Bangladesh: Legal and Regulatory Framework for NGOs in Bangladesh, Difficulties and Inconsistencies with laws and ordinances of NGO’s legal and regulatory framework, NGO Affairs Bureau (NGOAB), Go-NGO Consulting Council.
  9. Study of Selective International, National and Local NGOs: BRAC, CARE, Save the Children, ASA, SUS.
  10. Role of International Agencies: United Nations, UNDP, UNICEF, World Bank, IMF, European Union.
  11. NGO Financing: Sources of Fund, Effectiveness of Different Sources of Fund, Technique to Attract Donors.
    1. Donor Agencies and NGOs: Types, Policies, Programmes and Conditions of Donors, Role of Donors in National and International Development, Relationship between Donors and NGOs.

Recommended Books:

Abrar Chowdhury Rafiqul and Md. Shamsul Haq (19990 Aid development and Aid diplomacy: Need for an aid policy, University Press Limited, Dhaka.
Abul .K.M Saifullah (2001) NGO’s capacity in Development Management: Experience from Bangladesh: University of Tampere, Finland.
Afroza Begum (2003) Government NGO Interface in Development Management, AH Development Publishing House, Dhaka.
Alan Fowler, (1997) Striking a Balance, London. Earthscan Publications, Ltd.
Andrew Clayton (1994): Governance, Democracy and Conditionality:  What Role for NGOs? (ed), An INTRAC Publication , GB. 
Farhad Hossain (2001) Administration of Development Initiatives by Non- Governmental Organizations, A Study of Their Sustainability in Bangladesh and Nepal, University of Tampere, Finland.
John-Degnbol-Martinussen and Poul Engberg-Pedersen (2003) AID : Understanding International Eevelopment Cooperation, London Zed Books Ltd.
Mizan R.Rahman and Mohammad Humayan Kabir (2002): Civil Society and Democracy in Bangladesh (ed), BIISS, Dhaka
Mokbul Morshed Ahmad (2000) Donors NGOs the State and Their Clients in Bangladesh.
Mokbul Morshed Ahmad (2001) Understanding The South: How Northern donor Agencies and NGOs Understand The Needs and Problems of Southern NGO Clients, Dhaka, A M Printers.
Pursuing Common Goals Strengthening relations between government and development NGOs in Bangladesh (1996), Publishing for the World Bank, University Press Ltd.
Rajesh Tandon and Ranjita Mohanty (2002): Civil Society and Governance (ed), PRIA, New Delhi, India.
Report prepared for the World Bank (1996): Pursuing Common Goals Strengthening Relationships between Government and Development NGOs in Bangladesh, UPL, Dhaka.
Richard Holloway (1998): Supporting Citizens Initiatives, Bangladesh’s NGOs and Society, UPL, Dhaka
THE NGLS HANDBOOK of UN Agencies, Programmes, Funds and conventions Working for Sustainable Economic and Social Development (2000), United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS).


Course No. PA-307: Principles of Accounting and Bank Management


  1. Accounting and its Conceptual Framework, Accounting and its Environment, Accounting for Business Transactions, Double Entry System of Accounting, Accounting Cycle.
  2. Preparation of Final Accounts of Trading Manufacturing Concerns.
  3. Company Accounts: Issue of shares and Debenture, Issue of Bonus Shares and Rights.
  4. Preparation of Company Final Accounts, Books of Accounts, Profit and Loss Accounts, profit and Loss Appropriation Account and balance Sheet According to Form F.
  5. Accounting for Value Added Tax, Accounting of Leases, Accounting Changes and Error Analyses, Final Statement Analysis.

Bank Management

  1. The Banking and Financial Management System, Theory of Financial Intermediation, Theory of the Bank Regulation.
  2. State Supervision of Banks and Non-Banks, The Operation of Monetary Policy in Banking Affairs, Relationship of Banking and Non-Banking Institutions with the Central Bank.
  3. Structure of Commercial Banking System, Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development, Organization and Management of Commercial Banks. Deposits of Commercial Banks. Commercial Bank Lending and Investment Portfolio. Earnings, Expenses, Profitability of Commercial Banks.
  4. Capital Structure and Safety of Commercial Banks, Reserves and Liquidity Requirements of Commercial Banks, General and Customers Relationships, Bankers and Customers Relationships.
  5. Specialized Banking System: Operational Principles and Procedures, Performances and Probability Analyses and Interest Rate Margins, Organization and Management Structure and the Implications Thereof.

Recommended Books:

Belverd. E. Needfes Jr. Financial Accounting
Gohn R. Brick Bank Management Concepts and Issue
M. Radhaswami                                            S.V. Vasudevan A Text Book of Banking Law and Practice and Theory of Banking.
R. Narayanaswamy Financial Accounting A Managerial Perspective
R.L. Gupta                                                   V.K. Gupta Financial Accounting
S.A. Hasib                                                     S.E. Kabir Basic Accounting
S.N. Maheshwari Banking Law and Practice
S.S. Gulshan                                          Gulshan K. Kapoor Banking Law and Practice

Course No. PA- 401: Gender and Development

  1. Theoretical Foundation: Gender as an Issue in Development, Development and Women, Meaning of Development for Women, Women in Development (WID), Gender and Development (GAD), Women, Environment and Development (WED), Critical Evaluation of WID, WED and GAD, Emergence and Development of These concepts.
  2. Gender and Sex: Difference between Gender and Sex, Gender and Social Construction, Gender Role Gender Identity, Gender Needs, Gender Relations.
  3. Different Approaches of WID: Emergence of WID, Equity Approach, Welfare Approach, Anti-poverty Approach, Efficiency Approach and The Empowerment Approach, Women’s Needs as Gender Needs, Distinction between practical and strategic gender needs- The Role of State in Addressing these needs.
  4. Feminism: Concept, Emergence, Types and Theories.

Conferences on Women:

  1. Violence Against Women: Concepts of Aggression and Violence, Violence Against Women as a Global and National Issue, Forms of Violence Against Women and their Prevalence Domestic Violence, Child abuse, Acid Throwing, Dowry and Cruelty to Women, Women Trafficking, Dowry Prohibition Act.
  2. Women and Environment: Environment Natural and Socio-Cultural Environment, Relationship between and nature, effects of environmental degradation on women, specific problems- Contaminated water, Arsenic, River Erosion, Natural Disaster and Man-made Disaster, Implications for women, coping strategy.
  3. Empowerment of Women: Definition of Empowerment Types of Empowerment, Social Political Economic and Psychological Empowerment, Political Empowerment of Women in Bangladesh-Problems and Recent Trends. Women and Political Parties, International Instruments for the Empowerment of Women e.g. CEDAW, Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action, Micro Credit and Economic Empowerment of Women-special reference to Bangladesh. Role of NGO’s in Micro-Credit Programme.
  4. Women Health and Reproductive Health Issues: Reproduction: Definition of Terms, Problems Related to Health Issues of Women, National Health Policy of Bangladesh Government. User Participation and the Delivery of Health Services.
  5. Gender, Education Access and Performance: National Education Policy of Bangladesh Government.
  6. Women in National Policy and Planning: Participation of Women in National Policy Making Process, Women Issues, Second, Third, Forth Five-Year Plan. National Policy on Women, Evaluation and Assessment.
  7. Constitutional Representation of Women: Human Rights of Women, Constitution and Women in Bangladesh, Women in National Government, Local Government and Administration, Problems and Remedy.
  8. NGO’s and Women: NGO’s at the Grass Roots, Role of NGO’s in Women Empowerment Process in Bangladesh, Impact Measurement in Specific Sector–Health Programme, Formal and Non-formal Education Programme and Women, Human Rights Programme.

Recommended Books:

Carolin Moser Gender Planning and Development
Duza, Asfia and Begum, Hamida A Emerging New Accepts ( A perspective of Gender and Development in Bangladesh) 1993. Women for Women, Sukrabad, Dhaka. 
Howard J.  Wiarda (ed) Non-Western Theories of Development (Regional Norms versus Global Trends), Harourt Brace College Publishers.
Khaleda Salahuddin, Ishrat Shamim Towards Beijing and Beyond: Women Shaping Policies in Areas of Concern.
Khan, Salma (edited) Role of NGO in Effective Implementation of PFA and CEDAW in Bangladesh (2003), Women for Women, Sukrabad, Dhaka.
Marilyn Carr, Marth Chen, Reana Jhabvala Speaking Out: Women’s Economic Empowerment in South Asia.
Naila Kabeer Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development Thought.
Nalini Visvanathan The Women, Gender and Development Reader (Zed Press, 1997)
Rehman Sobhan Policies and Planning in South Asia.
Renhuma Shehabuddin Empowering Rural Women: The Impact of Grameen Bank in Bangladesh.
Richard Peet With Flaine Harturick Theories of Development, The Guilford Press, New York/ London.
Rounaq Jahan The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development (Zed Press).
Sayeda Rowshan Qadir Women Leader in Development Organisations and Institutions.
Social Science Review (Journal) Published from the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Dhaka.Bangladesh Journal of Public Administration: Published from BPATC, Savar, Dhaka.

Journal of Sociology: Published from Nazmul Karim Study Centre, Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka.

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United Nations Organisation Convention for Elimination all Discrimination Against Women.
Women for Women (publisher) Empowerment (Journals).
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Course No. PA-402: Political Economy
  1. Political Economy: Nature, Scope, Productive Forces and Relations of Production, Social Structure of Society, Economic Laws.
  2. Pre-capitalist Model of Production: The Primitive Communal Mode of Production.
  3. Capitalist Community Production: Features and Stages in the Development of the Capitalist Mode of Production, Types of Commodity Economy, The Commodity and Labour, Money-its Essence and Functions, The Law of Value.
  4. Capitalist Exploitation: The Transformation of Money not capital, Production of Surplus Value, Wages Capital Accumulation, Position of the Working Class.
  5. State Monopoly Capitalism: Development and Formation of State Monopoly Capitalism.
  6. World Capitalist Economy: Emergence and Essence of World Capitalist Economy, The Export of Capital.
  7. Ownership of the Means of Production: Social Ownership and Means of Production, Economic Laws Under Socialism, The Economic Role of the Socialist State, Planned Development of Socialist Economy-Management of National Economy, Planning Social Production.
  8. Economic Features of the Emergence and Establishment of Socialism: The Distinguishing Features of Socialism, Policy of Industrialization and Agriculture.
  9. Globalization: Its Impact on Bangladesh Economy, Bangladesh’s Free Trade and Balance of Payment with Development and Developing countries.
  10. Political Economy of Local Government in Bangladesh: Social Capital and Leadership, Policy Agenda of Sources of Local Revenues, Agriculture in Bangladesh- Agriculture Policy-1 and Tenure System and Reforms in Bangladesh, State and Industry-Industrial Policy, Causes of Industrial Backwardness in Bangladesh, Steps by the government for Industrial Development, Nationalization of Industry and Rural Industrialization.

Recommended Books:

A. Farouk Economic Development of Bangladesh
A. H. Hanson Nationalization
A. H. Hanson Public Enterprise and Economic Development
A. M.A Rahim Current Issues of Bangladesh Economy
Ake E. Anderson Gateways to Global Economy.
Azizur Rahman Khan The Economy of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Journal of Public Administration Published from BPATC, Savar, Dhaka.
Brain E. Dollery The Political Economy of Local Government.
Danis C. Mueller The Economics of Politics
Dhaka University Journal of Business Studies Published from the  Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka.
Ebrahim A. Bawany Revolutionary Strategy for National Development.
James K Boyce The Political Economy of the Environment.
Jeffery Harrop The Political Economy of Integration in the European Union, 3rd Edition.
Journal of Sociology Published from Nazmul Karim Study Centre, Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka.
Just Fasland Bangladesh: The Test Case for Development.
M A Mannan Economic Problem and Planning in Pakistan.
M N Rayndina, G P Chernikov,   G N Khudokormov Fundamentals of Political Economy.
Mahfuzul Huq The Strategy of Economic Planning.
Patrick A. McNutt The Economics of Public Choice (2nd Edition).
Peter Moser The Political Economy of Democratic Institutions.
Romesh Mishra Globalization and the Welfare State.
Social Science Review (Journal) Published from the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Dhaka.
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Course No. PA-403: Project Management

  1. Project Management: Concept and Models- Definition, Features and Types of Project, Elements and Functions of Project Management, Models of Project Management: Rondinelli model, W.C Baum Model.
  2. Different Aspect of Project: Project as an Alternative Approach for Development Management, Traditional Management Vs Project Management- Features and Differences.
  3. Project Formulation and Appraisal: Steps in Project Formulation- Project Identification, Technical Analysis, Feasibility Study, Appraisal of Project, Logical Framework of Project- Method, Strengths and Weaknesses (this section will follow a group exercise on how to formulate Logical Framework of a Project),
  4. Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concept, Limitations of Cost-Benefit Analysis and the Importance of Social Cost-Benefit Analysis, Methods- UNIDO method, Little Mirrless Method.

Project Planning and Scheduling:

  1. Planning: Definition, Areas of Project Planning, Factors to be considered in Project Planning.
  2. Scheduling: Concept of Project Scheduling, Steps, Methods, Techniques- Bar Chat Technique and Network Technique, CPM/PERT Network Analysis.
  3. Project Cost Estimation, Financing and Resource Mobilisation : Concept, Types, Escalation of Project Cost, Project Financing in Bangladesh.
  4. Project Implementation and Control: Definition, Organizational Steps in Implementation, Project Planning Method, Project Direction, Coordination and Control, Communication, An empirical Model of Project Implementation- Interactive Policy Model (Grindle and Thomas).
  5. Project Monitoring and Evaluation: Definitions, Approaches and Techniques, Institutional Setup for Project Monitoring and Evaluation in Bangladesh- Planning Commission, Planning Units of Concerned Ministries, NEC, ECNEC, Donors/ Development Partners, NGO, Monitoring and Evaluation of the Millennium Development Goals in Bangladesh.
  6. Public Project Management in Bangladesh: Problems and Issues with Particular Focus to ADP, Project Proforma and Classification, Preparation processing and Approval of Investment Project in Bangladesh.


Recommended Readings:

B.B. Gocl Project Management
D. Gasper (2000) The Logical Framework Approach- Problems and Potentials, ISS Working Papter.
Dennis Lock Project Management
Devendra Thakur Project Formulation and Implementation
F.L. Harrison Advanced Project Management
G.A. Bridger and J.T Winpenny (1991) Planning Development Project (2-17), London.
Jack R. Meredith Project Management
John W. Thomas and Merilee S. Grindle (1990) After the Decision: Implementing Policy Reforms in Developing Countries, World Development, Vol.18, NO. 8, pp. 1163-I 181.
Kabeer, N., (1994) And Nobody Could Complain at That: Claims and Silences in Cost-Benefit Analysis, pp. 163-86. Reversed Realities, London: Verso.
M. Sirajuddin Project Management, Project Implementation Bureau
Nurul Islam Development Planning in Bangladesh
Overseas Development Administration, Appraisal of Projects in Development Countries, London: HMSO pp. 164-183 Short Case Studies, 1988.
Prasanna Choudhury Projects: Planning, Analysis, Selection, Implementation and Review, TATA.
Reidar Dale (2003) The logical framework: An easy escape, a straitjacket, or a useful planning tool? Development in Practice, Volume 13, Number 1, February.
S. Choudhury Project Management TATA
Skylark Chadha Managing Projects in Bangladesh
Tito Boeri Beyond the Rule of Thumb-Methods for Formulating Public Investment Projects.


Course No. PA- 404: Public Sector Management in Bangladesh

  1. Public Sector: Scope, Size, Nature and Value Base of the Public Sector.
  2. Rationale for State Intervention: Phases of Government Intervention, Major Issues, Structural Managerial Behavioural Issues.
  3. Performance Improvement Programming in Public Sector: Efficiency Culture, Accountability & Transparency, Management of Change, Implementation of Reforms Packages.
  4. Partners in Public Sector Management: Institutional Links, Local Government, Private Sector, NGO/PVDOs, Donor Community, International Agencies.
  5. Public Enterprise: Kinds, Reasons for the Growth of Public Enterprise, Problems and Recommendations in the Context of Third World Countries.
  6. The Business of Government: Policy Formulation and Implementation and Administrative Rules and Decision Making (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  7. Public Sector Reform: Forces of Change. Lessons of Experience and Bangladesh’s Public Sector in the 21st Century.
  8. Enhancing Accountability and Responsiveness in the Public Sector: Constitutional and Statutory Oversight Bodies, Enhancing Accountability within the Executive Branch, Improving Responsiveness to Users, Enhancing Transparency and Combating Corruption (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  9. Privatization: Concept, Policy, Trends, Problems and Recommendations (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  10. Corruption in the Public Sector: Meaning, Forms, Causes, Theory, Effects and Combating Corruption Strategies (With special reference to Bangladesh).
  11. Corporate Governance in the Public Sector: Scope, Key Elements, Global Scenario and its Implementation in Bangladesh.

Recommended Books:

Abramson R. An Integrated Approach to Organization Development and Performance Improvement Planning.
Ayubur Rahman (et. al) Towards a Better Government in Bangladesh, Dhaka: Cabinet Division, Dhaka 1993.
Brian Blundell & Alex Murdock Managing in the Public Sector
IDP The Handbook of International Corporate Governance: A Definitive Guide
Les Metcalfe & Sue Richards Improving Public Management
Norman Flynn Public Sector Management.
Richard Common, Norman Flynn & Elizabeth Mellon   Owen E. Hughes Managing Public Services: Competition and Decentralization Public Management and Administration: An Introduction
Robert Abranson and Walter Halset Planning for Improved EnterprisePerformance. H.O. Management

Department Series No. 15.1979.

Sandra Nutley and Stephen P. Asborne The Public Sector Management Handbook
UNDP Public Administration Sector Study, 1993.
USAID Public Administration Efficiency Study(PAES), Dhaka, 1989
World Bank Government that Works, Dhaka UPL, 1989

Course No. PA-405:  Business Policy and Administration in Bangladesh


  1. An Introduction to Business: What is a Business? Policy, Need for Policies, Who Forms Policy? Characteristics of Business. The Objectives of Business, Why We Study Business as a Student of Public Administration? Branches of Business, Qualities of a Successful Businessman.
  2. Business Ethics : Meaning and concept Building, Ethics and Business, Ethics and truth, Ethics and Law, Stages of Ethical Development. The Formation of Individual Ethics in Organization/ Factors Influencing Ethical Behaviour, Ethical Dilemmas and Ethical Lapses, Institutionalising Ethics.
  3. Management Information system: What is a System? What is Management? What is MIS? Types of MIS, MIS Functions, Evolution of Information systems, Information Systems and Sub-Systems, Information Resource Management, Data Vs Information, Goals of Information Systems, MIS Challenges.
  4. Business communication: What is Communication? Channels of Communication, why Business Needs to Communicate? Communication Network of the Organization, MBO, Business Reports, Basic Patterss of Business Letters, Preparing a Data Sheet or Resume.
  5. Entrepreneurship: What is Entrepreneurship? The Entrepreneur, Environmental Factors Affecting New Ventures, Personal Characteristics and Qualifications of Entrepreneurs, Growth of Entrepreneurial Organization, Factors for Entrepreneurial Success, Risks of Entrepreneurship, Rewards of Entrepreneurship, Negative Aspects of Business Ownership.
  6. Understanding Marketing: What is a Market? Classification of Markets, What is marketing? Marketing, Selling and Distribution, Functions of Marketing, Needs/ Wants and Demands, The Development of Marketing, Marketing Mix, The Marketing Environment, Marketing Management Philosophies, The Consumer Buring Behaviour.
  7. Understanding International Business: What is International Business? Different Terms, The Nature and Purpose of IB, Multinational Corporations, Importance/ Why Firms Conduct IB?, Basic Concepts of IB, Barriers to IB, Regulation of IB, Advantages of IB, Disadvantages of IB.
  8. Financial Market and Institutions: What is Financial Market? Functions of FM, Money Vs. Capital Market, Primary Vs Secondary Market Constituent and Elements of Money and Capital Market, Consolidation of Financial Institutions, Global Expansion by Financial Institutions.
  9. Government in Business: Basis of Government Ownership, Reciprocal Responsibilities of Government and Business, How Business Influences Government?, The Role of Government Upon Business, Case for Public Ownership of Nationalization, Case Against Public Ownership or Nationalization, Changing Role of Public Sector.







Recommended Books:

Ali, M. Omar Business Communication- Theory and Application
Ceraldv. Post and David L. Anderson Management Information System
Charles D. Schewe and Reuben M. Smith Marketing Concepts and Application
Durgadas Bhattacharjee An Introduction to Business Management.
Gitman and McDaniel The Future of Business
Hopkins/Duff/Gades/Lytle General Business in Other Modern Society
John v. Thill and Courtland L. Bovee Excellence in Business Communication
Keith Davis & William C. Fred Nick Business and Society
Khanka, S.S Entrepreneurial Development
Lawrence R. Gauche and                        William F. Glueck Business Policy and Strategic Management.
M.C. Shukla Business Organization and Management
Peru S. Rose Money and Capital Markets
Philip Kotler & Gary Armstrong Principles of Marketing.
R.D. Agarwal Organization and Management
S. Kerry Cooper & Donald R. Fraser The Financial Market Place
S. Sadagopan Management Information System
Steven J. Skinner & John M. Ivancevich Business for the 21st Century
Stouart Henderson Britt &                       Harper W. Boyd. Jr. Marketing management and Administrative Action
Susan Hammond Business Studies
T. Lucey                                                 William M. Pride/ Robert J.                    Hughes/ Jack R. Kapoor Management Information SystemBusiness




Course No. PA-406: Advanced Research Methodology

  1. The Philosophy of Social Science: Ontology, Methodology, Epistemology, Determinism; Holism, Individualism, Positivism; Explanation and Understanding; The Role of a Theory.
  2. Criteria of Good Research, Qualities and Ethics of Research, Area of Research in Public Administration
  3. Causal Analysis: Exploring Survey Data by cross tabulation:
  4. Understanding data matrix-relationship between the variables, Bivariate and Trivariate frequency distribution, Bivariate and Trivariate causal model Measuring Causal Effect: the control Problem, Intervening variable, control through matching and restrictions.
  5. The choice of variables, Relations between variables, Types of model-General, intervening, prior, independent causal model, Recursive and non-recursive model.
  6. Research Design: Meaning, Features of a good research design, Different types of research design.
  7. Different Methods of Research: Case Study, Participatory Research Approach, Survey etc, Qualitative and Quantitative Research.
  8. Research Problem: Concept of Research Problem, Characteristics of Research problem.
  9. Hypothesis: Concept, Importance, How to apply the concept of hypothesis in research.
  10. Sources of Information: Primary and Secondary, Qualitative and quantitative; Literature Review, Relevance of Using Theory in a Research, How to Sketch Research Question from the Theory.
  11. Sampling: Concepts, Characteristics, Requirement of a good sample, Types of sampling.
  12. Data Collection Techniques: Questionnaire-mailed, Structured, Non-structured, Close ended and Open-ended, Interview: Structured and Non-structured, Observation: Structured, Non-Structured and Participatory, Selection of appropriate method in terms of research problem.
  13. Report Writing and Evaluation: Formulating a research proposal, Writing a research report, Characteristics of a good research report, Designing framework of a research report, Drafting report, Reviewing and Editing, Rules of using quotations, Footnotes, References and Bibliographies, Techniques and Criteria for the evaluation of a report.


  1. Introduction to quantitative analysis, Use and Importance of quantitative analysis in social science research.
  2. Assembling and Processing of Statistical Data: Collection, Classification Presentation and Analysis of data, Scale of Measurement.
  3. Representation of Statistical Data: Graphic representation of data through different types of graphs, table presentation.
  4. Application of Excel and SPSS for Data Processing and Presentation in Social Science Research
  5. Central Tendency, Measurement and Usage of Different Measures of Central Tendency
  6. Dispersion, Measurement and Usage of different measures of dispersion Correlation and Regression: Definition, Importance and Usage.
  7. Probability: Basic concepts, Principal theorems of probability.
  8. Test of Significance and Hypothesis: Basic concepts, T-test, Chi-square test.

Recommended Books:

Aminuzzaman M.S. (1991). Introduction to Social Research, Bangladesh Publishers, Bangladesh.
Coffey A & Atkinson P. 1996. Making Sense of qualitative Data, Sage Publications, USA.
Hammersley M. 1989. The Dilemma of Qualitative Method, Routledge, London.
Hellevik Ottar, 1995. Introduction to Causal Analysis-Exploring Survey Data by Crosstabulation, Scandinavian University Press, Norway.
Hollis Martin, 2002. The Philosophy of Social Science, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.
Peters B. Guy, 1998. Comparative Politics-Theory and Methods, Palgrave, New York.
Yin K. Robert, 1994. Case Study Research-Design and Methods, Sage Publications, USA.

Course No. PA-407: Management Information Systems (MIS)

Part A: Theory                                                                                   75 Marks

  1. Fundamentals of Management Information Systems: Introduction to Management Information Systems, Role of MIS in Organizations.
  2. Fundamentals of Computer: Introduction to Computer Systems, Computer Hardware and Software.
  3. Information Technology Infrastructure: Telecommunications, Computer Networks, Internet, World Wide Web.
  4. Development, Implementation and Management of Information Systems: Information Systems Analysis and Design, Decision Support Systems (DSS), Control and Ethics of MIS.
  5. Management Information Systems-Bangladesh Perspective: Present Scenario of MIS in Bangladesh, Opportunities and Challenges.
  6. Applications of Information Technology in Public Administration: e-Governance, Objectives of                 e-Governance, e-Governance in Poverty Alleviation, Models of e-Governance, Experiences of                      e-Governance in Foreign Countries, Bangladesh Perspective on e-Governance.
  7. E-Commerce: Introduction to e-Commerce, Scope of e-Commerce, Models of e-Commerce, e-Commerce Strategy, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Electronic Payment Systems, Status of e-Commerce in Bangladesh, Opportunities and Challenges.

Part B: Practical / Project                                                               25 Marks

1.    Development of a Management Information System using Microsoft Access and Visual Basic.

Recommended Books:

David Whiteley e-Commerce-Strategy, Technologies and Applications.
Evangelos Petroutsos Mastering Visual Basic 6.
Gordon B. Davis and Margrethe  H. Olson Management Information Systems-Conceptual Foundations, Structure and Development.
James A. O’ Brien Management Information Systems-Managing Information Technology in the Internetworked Enterprise.
Kenneth C. Laudon and Jane P. Laudon Management Information Systems-Managing the Digital Firm.
Peter Norton Introduction to Computers.
Virginia Anderson The Complete Reference-Access 2002.

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